Link to source: Labour Force Survey
In the past 20 years there have been large increases in the employment rates of 16- to 64-year-olds. These have varied across the UK, ranging from 4 percentage points in England to 7 percentage points in Scotland.
The increases in the last five years were larger than in other periods but these followed falls in employment after the 2008/09 recession. In Scotland and Northern Ireland the net change in the employment rate between 2007 and 2017 has been only just above zero.
Throughout the past 20 years, England and Scotland have had the highest employment rates, with Northern Ireland having the lowest. The increase in the employment rate in Wales has been particularly marked – closing a large part of the gap with England and Scotland.