Policy-makers have identified that community and mutual ownership can make a significant contribution to the economy, welfare and society more generally. A historical analysis of social change can inform contemporary understanding, policy and practice.
- adopts a broad definition of 'community and mutual' as a way of exploring the history of ownership;
- identifies five models: customary and common, community, co-operative and mutual, charitable, and municipal and state forms of ownership;
- argues that systematic and values-based approaches are needed to develop community and mutual ownership to respond to current social problems;
- notes that time is needed to develop democracy, membership and belonging, all factors that have been historically important to the success of community and mutual ownership.