The impact of attitudes and aspirations on educational attainment and participation

Stephen Gorard et al.

Do the attitudes, aspirations and behaviours of children and parents influence educational attainment and participation?

Parental involvement in their child's learning is the only area showing robust evidence of causation, and only as a cause of attainment (not participation).

This study reviews all existing evidence on a range of areas, from parental expectations to child substance abuse. The review:

  • presents a model of causation for social science;
  • provides information from almost 170,000 pieces of evidence;
  • summarises the effects of 13 different kinds of belief and behaviour.

The appendices for this report are available on the University of Birmingham's website.

A 'roundup' of the key messages from this programme of work is also available.



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