Poverty and exclusion in rural Britain: the dynamics of low income and employment

Polly Chapman, Euan Phimister, Mark Shucksmith, Richard Upward and Esperanza Vera-Toscano

Little is known about how people move in and out of poverty in rural Britain.

Little is known about how people move in and out of poverty in rural Britain. Whereas earlier studies of disadvantage and lifestyle in rural areas have tended to be static snapshots, this new study explores the dynamic process of people's movement in and out of poverty. It examines the income and expenditure of rural households tracked between 1991 and 1996 and the opportunities for work open to them.

It explores the links between low income and low pay, what factors tend to lead to low income or loss of employment, whether there are additional obstacles facing rural dwellers compared to urban dwellers, and to what extent migration to non-rural areas increases their chance of finding employment and escaping poverty.

The study finds messages relevant to the Social Exclusion Unit, Welfare to Work taskforce, and the Low Pay Commission, as well as to all those working to promote rural development or to address social problems in rural areas.

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