The report begins by identifying some fundamental causes of poverty and disadvantage, and looks at who is most affected. It sets out the key issues in six areas – education, family poverty, geographic disadvantage, income poverty, housing and long-term care. It highlights the problems that need to be tackled, and the long-term goals that policy needs to adopt. Some of the consequent directions policy-makers might take are illustrated with examples of possible policy as a stimulus for further thinking. The study includes numerous figures in full colour. A supplementary publication, Tackling UK poverty and disadvantage in the 21st century, providing more in-depth analysis, is also available.