Poverty rate by person type over time, after housing costs (AHC)

Poverty among pensioners has declined substantially since 1994. Poverty among children also decreased significantly but for both groups it has started to increase again.

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Link to source: Households Below Average Income

Poverty varies greatly across the population. Overall, poverty fell by about a fifth between 1994/95 and 2004/05. In the following decade progress stalled and poverty started to rise again. In 1994/95, just under a quarter of the population lived in poverty. This fell to one in five in 2004. By 2018/19 it had risen to 22%. However, trends in poverty differ between groups.

Pensioner poverty rates have fallen substantially over the last 20 years but have begun to steadily increase again since 2012/13. For working-age adults with children, the poverty rate has been edging up since 2004/05 after gently declining in the previous 10 years. Poverty rates for children have also risen from 27% in 2010/11 to 30% in 2018/19. Poverty for working-age adults without children rose steadily from 1998/99 before falling slightly from 2011/12 onwards, although a rise in 2018/19 has seen this poverty rate back at 2012/13 levels. Between 2017/18 and 2018/19, poverty rates rose for all groups except for pensioners.