Link to source: Households Below Average Income
Poverty varies greatly across the population. Overall, poverty fell by about a fifth between 1994/95 and 2004/05. In the following decade progress stalled and poverty started to rise again. In 1994/95, just under a quarter of the population lived in poverty. This fell to one in five in 2004. By 2018/19 it had risen to 22%. However, trends in poverty differ between groups.
Pensioner poverty rates have fallen substantially over the last 20 years but have begun to steadily increase again since 2012/13. For working-age adults with children, the poverty rate has been edging up since 2004/05 after gently declining in the previous 10 years. Poverty rates for children have also risen from 27% in 2010/11 to 30% in 2018/19. Poverty for working-age adults without children rose steadily from 1998/99 before falling slightly from 2011/12 onwards, although a rise in 2018/19 has seen this poverty rate back at 2012/13 levels. Between 2017/18 and 2018/19, poverty rates rose for all groups except for pensioners.